Local Wisdom News

 Tenganan Traditional Village

Tenganan Pegringsingan is one of the tourist villages in Bali which has a unique characteristic. This tourist village has a typical ancient Balinese style or better known as 'Bali Aga' so it is not influenced by the culture of the Majapahit Kingdom that entered the Island of the Gods.

"What is meant by Bali Aga village is a village inhabited by residents who have ancient Balinese customs. So the lifestyle that is embodied in the form of a social system (and) the ceremony is not influenced by the Balinese Majapahit culture," said the Head of the Tenganan Pegringsingan I Tourism Village Manager. Putu Wiadnyana, Friday (24/9/2021).

To note, Tenganan Pegringsingan Tourism Village is one of 179 tourist villages on the Island of the Gods. This 'Bali aga' tourist village is located in Manggis District, Karangasem Regency with a total of 225 and 750 households. Buleleng Regency and several villages in Bangli Regency. To distinguish the Bali aga village from others, at least it is seen from four criteria.

The first is from the worship system. Various traditional villages in Bali that are influenced by the Kerajaan Majapahit culture are usually required to have prayer facilities in the form of 'Kahyangan Tiga' or three temples. The three temples are Pura Desa, Pura Puseh, and Pura Dalem.

A different situation can be seen in the Bali Aga village, especially in the Tenganan Pegringsingan Tourism Village. They have many temples and worship not only gods but also ancestors.

"So Bali Aga villages generally have more than three Khayangan temples. We have 35 temples here. That is from the worship system. In the Balinese worship system, besides worshiping gods, we have a system of worshiping ancestors and nature worshipers," explained Wiadnyana. The second difference can be seen in terms of Pawongan or social order system. In Tenganan Pegringsingan Tourism Village, everyone has the same degree. This situation is different from other villages which adhere to a system of social strata or so-called castes.

In addition, the third difference lies in the Palemahan or spatial system. In the village of Bali Aga, especially in the Tenganan Pegringsingan Tourism Village, almost 90 percent of the land is owned by the village and is not for sale.

Not only land, but this Palemahan system also regulates spatial and building layouts. The building in the Tenganan Pegringsingan Tourism Village has its characteristics.

"So the houses here have a characteristic how they place sacred spaces, which ones are profane, so they are different, including their perspective on areas that are considered to have a higher space value," said Wiadnyana.

Then the fourth difference lies in the mass or time system. The Tenganan Pegringsingan Tourism Village has its calendar. This calendar is different from the Balinese calendar or the Gregorian calendar.

"So we have our calendar system here, which is different from the people in Bali in general. For example, we are currently in the 9th month, whereas in Bali it is generally in the 4th month," explained Wiadnyana.

Trunyan Traditional Village

The attraction of the island of Bali is not only because of the existence of natural recreation areas, such as Kuta beach, or the natural beauty of the mountains in Kintamani and its lakes such as Lake Beratan Bedugul but also because of its various traditions and unique cultures, able to make tourists want to know more about culture and culture. existing tradition. It is an old Balinese village called Trunyan village, which has a unique tradition of funeral rites for the dead. This ancient Balinese traditional village is known as the Bali Aga village which is a native of the island of Bali.

Human skull at Trunyan village cemetery

The unique tradition of the Bali Aga Trunyan village, making it a tourist attraction that complements holiday activities and tourist destinations on the island of the Gods, Bali. For tourists who want to know something anti-mainstream about Balinese culture, then this place can be your next tourist destination.

To go to the Trunyan traditional village cemetery, you have to rent a boat from residents, the ferry docks are in Kedisan and Toya Bungkah villages, you can even rent them at once with a tour guide, so you feel comfortable and satisfied during your vacation trips and tours to the place. this.

Unique Funeral Tradition in Trunyan Traditional Village Bangli

Trunyan village is part of the administrative area of ​​​​the Kintamani sub-district, Bangli district. Surrounded and located at the foot of the hill and bordered by Lake Batur, the way to the village is by renting a motorized boat, about 20-30 minutes by boat across Lake Batur Kintamani from the pier of Kedisan village, then you arrive at your destination.

Access to this traditional village can be by motorized vehicle including cars, but the road to the village is quite extreme, the road is winding and uphill and small enough to be passed by 2 cars passing each other, for residents who are in the Trunyan traditional village it may be familiar, but for tourists, it is not recommended, or drivers who have never through such difficult terrain, it would be more recommended to rent a boat from the Kedisan pier.

style="text-align: justify;">If you rent a boat from either the Kedisan pier or Toya Bungkah, make sure the agreed price is the price for a round trip, using a motorized boat (not a canoe), including a guide/tour guide and also ask for other costs such as donations and entrance tickets to the object his tour. And also know that even if you take a vehicle to Trunyan Bangli, you can only arrive at Trunyan village, while from Trunyan traditional village you have to take a motorized boat again to the cemetery because there is no access by land.

Indeed, there are many stories about boat rental services to the Trunyan traditional village cemetery, for safety and comfort it would be better to hire a tour guide (tour guide) to go to the cemetery or entrust it with your travel agent. By renting a tour guide, your vacation during your tour and recreation to the cemetery will be more comfortable and enjoyable.

Taru Frankincense Tree at Trunyan Village Cemetery

As is known, the Trunyan traditional village in Bangli is one of the Bali Aga villages, which is a native of Bali who was not influenced by outside culture when Majapahit ruled in Bali, still adheres to various cultures inherited from their ancestors. For this reason, Trunyan traditional village has several unique traditions including burial or burial of corpses. Balinese people themselves are Hindus in their daily lives, every person who dies will be carried out with a Ngaben ceremony either by burying the body or by cremation directly.

style="text-align: justify;">But in Trunyan Bangli Village, even though the people here are Hindus, almost everybody of the deceased will be placed on the ground under the incandescent tree, a hole of about 10-20 cm is made, to prevent the body from shifting, because of the uneven contours of the land, the body is covered with cloth, surrounded by prismatic woven bamboo called can serve. And strangely the body did not emit a bad smell. This burial procedure in the Trunyan traditional village is called Mepasah.

It's quite interesting, isn't it, a unique tradition like this only exists in the traditional village of Trunyan – Bali, so it's a shame you just miss it during holidays and tours to Bali. You can rent a car in Bali, including a driver, to take you to the pier. To get to the pier you go through the Kintamani tourist attraction which presents the beauty of the lake and Mount Batur from Penelokan village. You can visit Kintamani first, then go to Trunyan village.

Holy grave in Trunyan village

The body is placed under the Taru Menyan tree because the tree can neutralize the odor that arises from the corpse. And the unique thing is that the Taru Menyan tree can only grow well in the traditional Balinese village of Aga Trunyan. Based on the people's belief, in each one of the trees under it, only eleven bodies are buried, some suspect that more than 11 bodies may emit an odor. And if there is a new body, then the bones of the old body are moved to the place that has been provided, then occupied by the new body.

On the other hand, you can pile of bones that have been arranged neatly, like a pile of human skull bones. The items that the deceased had provided, such as their clothes, sandals, or favorite items when they were alive, were seen scattered about, it was deliberately left because they were not allowed to take them outside the burial area. Although the natural nuances in this cemetery seem mystical and haunted, the natural scenery here is quite beautiful so that it becomes a pleasant natural recreation area.

Funeral Procedures in Trunyan Village Bangli

It should be noted that there are three funeral procedures in the Trunyan traditional village, not all people who die in Trunyan village are buried employing Mepasah (the body is placed under Taru Menyan) because the place is only intended for people who die with conditions; died in a natural condition, was married, was single and had a small child whose milk teeth had fallen out. And the dead person has no wounds that have not healed and all his limbs are complete. The burial area is called Sema Wayah and is considered the most sacred burial place, so it is known as the Holy Grave.

If it does not meet these criteria, then the body will be buried. There are two burial procedures, for children whose milk teeth have not yet fallen out.

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